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Ensemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome

TitleEnsemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAbeyrathne, PD, Koh CS, Grant T, Grigorieff N, Korostelev AA
JournaleLife
Volume5
Issuee14874
Date Published05/2016
Abstract

Internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) mediate cap-independent translation of viral mRNAs. Using electron cryo-microscopy of a single specimen, we present five ribosome structures formed with the Taura syndrome virus IRES and translocase eEF2•GTP bound with sordarin. The structures suggest a trajectory of IRES translocation, required for translation initiation, and provide an unprecedented view of eEF2 dynamics. The IRES rearranges from extended to bent to extended conformations. This inchworm-like movement is coupled with ribosomal inter-subunit rotation and 40S head swivel. eEF2, attached to the 60S subunit, slides along the rotating 40S subunit to enter the A site. Its diphthamide-bearing tip at domain IV separates the tRNA-mRNA-like pseudoknot I (PKI) of the IRES from the decoding center. This unlocks 40S domains, facilitating head swivel and biasing IRES translocation via hitherto-elusive intermediates with PKI captured between the A and P sites. The structures suggest missing links in our understanding of tRNA translocation.

URLhttps://elifesciences.org/content/5/e14874
DOI10.7554/eLife.14874
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